Bio Energy

This is our logo:

external image uQqVaadl84XHQAUS0OOrkE1bQY5y8_5bCmqEnqDlLDscqEyx3NgAT0WnaSWBh6mY7dliYBz0GmEC0ZUdhYRErxXFTEiizQRhpF0kuuHKA4qp6PEm0PEBig6 Steps:

1.1 Define the Information Problem



We need to learn more about bioenergy so we can create or think of a way to generate energy eco-friendly way using bioenergy.
- What does your teacher want you to do? You need to understand the requirements of the assignment.
- Ask your teacher to explain if the assignment is confusing.
- Ask if you're correct.

Problem 2
We need to learn how to assemble a bioenergy powered hovercraft, but first, we need to learn the basics of
bioenergy.

Problem 3
We need to decide if a biologically powered hovercraft is a good idea, and if not, we need to do more research on a new experiment.

1.2 Identify the information you need- 10 Questions



- What information do you need in order to do the assignment? Your teacher will often tell you what information you need.
- If he or she does not, it will help to write a list of questions that you need to look up.

1.What is bioenergy?
2. How does biomass create energy?
3. Why would you consider using bioenergy?
4. What are examples of biomass?
5. How is biomass renewable?
6. Why is bioenergy called what it is?
7. What is methane and ethanol fuel?
8. How could you convert biomass into electricity?
9. How could you convert biomass into various types of gases?
10. What are the cons of bioenergy?

Answers:
1. Bioenergy is a renewable energy source made from biomass(which is organic materials such as plants and animals).
2.You can grind up corn and separate it into sugars which are then distilled to make ethanol. Ethanol can be used to
power cars. You can also burn garbage and collect the methane given off that can be used as energy. Another way is
to burn plants and use the steam to generate electricity, but there are still a lot more ways to generate energy from
biomass.
3.Bioenergy can replace fossil fuels in almost anything, and it is renewable. Biomass also tends to be cheaper than
fossil fuels.
4. Biomass is any organic material like dead corn and dead grass. It’s also known as biological mass.
5.Biomass is renewable, because plants and trees will die and release seeds that will grow into more plants and trees.
The same with all biomass.
6. The word “bioenergy” was invented in the1970s to 1980s. It came from the combination of the prefix “ bio” which
means the study of life, and “energy”, power.
7. Methane is a natural gas made by animals. Ethanol fuel is a fuel that comes from alcohol called ethanol or ethyl
alcohol. Ethyl alcohol can be made from biomass or fossil fuels. Cars can run on gasohol, 90% ethanol and 10% fossil
fuels, but can’t run on pure ethanol.
8.You burn it, and collect the steam which spins the turbine, and that generates electricity. It’s similar to the way coal
makes electricity
9.There is only two type of gas, methane and steam. You can burn trash, peanut shells, sunflower seeds, ect.
Then collect the methane and\or steam.
10.The cons of using biomass is that you have to grow a lot of plants in order to have a usable amount to use.
Meaning you have to use a huge amount of land in order to get something out of it.

Second Set:

1. How can you store bioenergy?
2. How can forms of transportation run on bioenergy?
3. How is bioenergy better than other energy sources?
4. How will the “Bio Bin” work?
5. What will the pros be of the Bio Bin?
6. What will the cons be of the Bio Bin?
7. How does steam make a turbine spin?
Answers:
1. Any electricity from bioenergy can be stored into a battery.
__http://en.howtopedia.org/wiki/How_to_Store_Electricity_in_Batteries__
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battery_(electricity)__
2. Some cars can run on methane and all of them can run on gasohol
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternative_fuel_vehicle#Biogas__
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternative_fuel_vehicle#Biofuels__

3. Bioenergy is better than fossil fuels and nuclear power, because it is renewable, and those two aren’t renewable, for the Earth will eventually run out of uranium and fossil fuels.
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_power__
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fossil_fuel__

4. You deposit the trash, the trash goes down the bin into the fire, the fire burns it, steam pressure goes up into the turbine which powers the battery.

See the invention section for the source.

5. You dispose of trash while you create energy.

See the invention section for the source.

6. The trash can fill up, hard to install, and doesn’t generate too much electricity.

See the invention section for the source.

7. The steam pressure pushes on the turbine causing it to spin.
__http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070130020255AAZNKLK__
__http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_makes_steam_turbine_turn__





2.1 Determine the range of possible sources (brainstorm)


- Make a list of all the possible sources of information that will help you answer the questions you wrote in Task Definition (Big6#1.1, 1.2). - Consider library books, encyclopedias, and web sites to which your library subscribes (ask your librarian!), people who are experts in your subject, observation of your subject, free web sites and surveys.

Sources:
Internet
Books
An Expert
Parents


2.2 Evaluate the possible sources to determine priorities (select the best sources)


(Try new sources, you might find some really fun facts. If there are some new sources that you need help to use, ask your teacher, librarian, mom or dad.)
Best Sources:
Internet
Books





3.1 Locate sources


- Figure out where you will get these sources.
- Beside each source, write its location.
If it is a web site, list its web address.
- To save time, try to use web sites that your teacher or librarian have linked or bookmarked.
- If your source is a person, figure out how you will contact him or her and make a note of this.

Now, you will actually get the sources.
You may have to get and use each source one at a time. If so, come back to this step to locate each source.

Internet:
Biomass
What is BIOMASS?
Biomass - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
How Does Biomass Energy Work?

Books:
__Biomass Power- Neil Morris__

3.2 Find information within sources


Now that you have the source in hand, how will you get to the information that you need to answer your questions? (Remember the questions you wrote in Task Definition?) This all depends on the source.

- First, make a list of words that will help you find information in all of your sources. These are called keywords. They are like synonyms and related words to your topic. You can find many of these in the questions you wrote in Big6 Task Definition (Big6 #1.1, 1.2). Try this easy way to create keywords.
List of Keywords:
biomass
biofuels
biogas
bioenergy
biodeisel
biochar
alternative energy
renewable energy
Google Wonder Wheel:
external image CxpBD3_Rx3f33m2_Uo9b3uYIJ0BRGP450uFciXDRjC_HYtrWHqGWtR7LfZjUNQxfmaPiJCR3ZvvT6eUmayIgW1fqFSyoN0b4Xie48lYy3D0zNWJeMQ

4.1 Engage the source (read, listen, view, touch)


- You will need to read, listen or view your source.
- If you can't understand any of your sources, ask an adult to help you. It's OK not to understand something, but it's not OK to avoid asking for help.
- You may not need to read, listen to, or view all material in each book, article, or website. You are looking for the specific information you need. Read the
first sentence in each paragraph to decide if that paragraph has answers to your questions Links:__http://www.altenergy.org/renewables/biomass.html__


Info: This link shows how bioenergy is used and what are the bad things and the good things.
__http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&safe=active&defl=en&q=define:bioenergy&sa=X____&ei=O2mKTan1NIzWtQPxoM2FDA&ved=0CCMQkAE__


Info: This link gives the many definitions of bioenergy form many different sites.


Info: This link defines bioenergy.
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/bioenergy__


Info: This link tells you what bioenergy is.
__http://library.thinkquest.org/06aug/01335/biomass.htm__


Info: This link shows how bioenergy it works, is it renewable, the cons of biomass, etc.
__http://www.bioenergywiki.net/What_is_bioenergy__


Info: This link tells you what bioenergy is.
__http://library.thinkquest.org/06aug/01335/biomass.htm?tql-iframe#5__


Info: This link tells you interesting information.
__http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=biomass_home-basics__


Info: This link tells you the basics of biomass, converting biomass into other energies and how much it’s used for fuel.
__http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/bioenergy__


Info: This link tells you the history of the word “bioenergy”.
__http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bioenergy__


Info: This link tells you the definition and history of bioenergy.
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol__


Info: This link tells you what ethanol is.
__http://i.treehugger.com/process%20schematic.jpg__


Info: This link is a picture of the procces of bioenergy.
__http://www.powerscorecard.org/tech_detail.cfm?resource_id=1__


Info: This link tells you what the environmental impacts are
__http://www.iptv.org/exploremore/energy/profiles/biomass.cfm__


Info: This link tells you the uses of bioenergy.
__http://www.inventhp.com/bioenergy-pros-and-cons.html__


Info: This link tell you what the pros and the cons of bioenergy.
__http://www.digtheheat.com/Biofuel/biofuel_prosandcons.html__


Info: This link tells the pros and cons of bioenergy.
__What is BIOMASS?__


Info: This link also tells you what biomass is.
__How Does Biomass Energy Work?__


Info: This link tells you how biomass works.
__Biomass__


Info: This link tells you the advantages of biomass, disadvantages of biomass and much, much, more!

4.2 Take out relevant information from a source


It's time to take some notes! Remember if you discover more questions while you are taking notes, it is OK to add them to your list.

Answers:




Question for Bioenergy
Answer
Sources
What is bioenergy?
bioenergy is a renewable energy source made from biomass(which is organic materials such as plants and animals).
__http://books.google.com/books?id=JqEdVEKXtZ8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=biomass+power&hl=en&ei=JeSLTemVEpCasAPym8CZCQ&sa=X&oi=book__
_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

__http://www.bioenergywiki.net/What_is_bioenergy__
How does biomass create energy?
You can grind up corn and separate it into sugars which are then distilled to make ethanol. Ethanol can be used to power cars. You can also burn garbage and collect the methane given off that can be used as energy. Another way is to burn plants and use the steam to generate electricity, but there are still a lot more ways to generate energy from biomass.
__http://books.google.com/books?id=JqEdVEKXtZ8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=biomass+power&hl=en&ei=JeSLTemVEpCasAPym8__
__CZCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false__

__http://library.thinkquest.org/06aug/01335/biomass.htm?tql-iframe#5__
Why would you consider using bioenergy?
Bioenergy can replace fossil fuels in almost anything, and it is renewable. Biomass also tends to be cheaper than fossil fuels.
__http://books.google.com/books?id=JqEdVEKXtZ8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=biomass+power&hl=en&ei=JeSLTemVEpCasAPym8CZCQ&sa=X__
__&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CD__

__http://library.thinkquest.org/06aug/01335/biomass.htm?tql-iframe#5__
What are examples of biomass?
Biomass is any organic material like dead corn and dead grass. It’s also known as biological mass.
__http://library.thinkquest.org__

__http://books.google.com/books?id=JqEdVEKXtZ8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=biomass+power&hl=en&ei=JeSLTemVEpCasAPym8CZCQ&sa=X&__
__oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CD__
How is biomass renewable?
Biomass is renewable, because plants and trees will die and release seeds that will grow into more plants and trees. The same with all biomass.
__http://library.thinkquest.org/06aug/01335/biomass.htm?tql-iframe#5__

__http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=biomass_home-basics__
Why is bioenergy called what it is?
The word “bioenergy” was invented in the1970s to 1980s. It came from the combination of the prefix “ bio” which means the study of life, and “energy”, power.
__http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/bioenergy__

__http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bioenergy__
What is methane and ethanol fuel?
Methane is a natural gas made by animals. Ethanol fuel is a fuel that comes from alcohol called ethanol or ethyl alcohol. Ethyl alcohol can be made from biomass or fossil fuels. Cars can run on gasohol, 90% ethanol and 10% fossil fuels, but can’t run on pure ethanol.
__http://books.googfb__ __h`xle.com/books?id=JqEdVEKXtZ8C&pg=PA2&dq=N.,+Morris,.+Biomass+Power&hl=en&ei=3vCUTYToFpCWsgPYkeXBBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result__
__&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=methane&f=false__

__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol__
How could you convert biomass into electricity?
You burn it, and collect the steam which spins the turbine, and that generates electricity. It’s similar to the way coal makes electricity.
__http://i.treehugger.com/process%20schematic.jpg__

__http://www.powerscorecard.org/tech_detail.cfm?resource_id=1__
How could you convert biomass into various types of gases?
There is only two type of gas, methane and steam. You can burn trash, peanut shells, sunflower seeds, ect. Then collect the methane and\or steam.
__http://www.iptv.org/exploremore/energy/profiles/biomass.cfm__

__http://i.treehugger.com/process%20schematic.jpg__
What are the cons of bioenergy?
The cons of using biomass is that you have to grow a lot of plants in order to have a usable amount to use. Meaning you have to use a huge amount of land in order to get something out of it.
__http://www.inventhp.com/bioenergy-pros-and-cons.html__

__http://www.digtheheat.com/Biofuel/biofuel_prosandcons.htm__

5.1 Organize information from multiple sources


Decide how you will put together your notes and add your ideas and insights.
You may:
Write a rough draft
Build an outline
Create a storyboard
Draw a sketch (Sometimes it is easier to put the notes together in a form that resembles the final project.)
Slide 1= Title
Slide 2-11= Questions
Slide 12= Cool facts
Slide 13= Sources


5.2 Present the Information


If your teacher assigns the product Remember to follow the guidelines he or she gives.
  • Include your ideas along with the information you found in books, web sites, and other sources. If you get to choose your final product:
  • Make sure you follow your teacher's guidelines.
  • Decide which product will best suit your subject. Think about these options:
o an oral presentation using PowerPoint
o writing a paper
o creating a video or audio tape
o using technology if it is the best way to show the results of your information-finding In any final presentation, make sure you:
o Include your ideas along with the information you found in books, websites, and other sources.
o Make sure that your final product or paper is more than just a summary of what you found in the other sources.
o Create a product or write a paper that you would be proud for anyone to read or see. o Include a bibliography.





Glog and Scratch




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Invention



BioBindesign.jpg