Step 1.1



Using the __BIG6__ steps, we must describe a natural disaster of our choice. Our group chose thunderstorms. In step 1.2 we must ask and answer questions. In 2.1 we'll use Diigolet to bookmark all the important web pages. In 2.2 we must look at our Diigolet list and choose the most useful and easy to use web pages. In 3.1 we must figure out what kind of website we want to use. ( Such as encyclopedia web pages.) In 3.2 we have to find the information within the sources we wanted to use. In 3.2 we must also make a list of useful words. In 4.1 we must read, listen, or view our most useful websites. In 4.2 we must take notes and questions that websites have answers to. In 5.1 we must figure out a way to put our notes together and make a rough draft. In 5.2 we must start making a presentation about this natural disaster. At the end every student will be asked to make a game or movie using Scratch, a Glog on Edu.Glogster.com that shows where the power of the natural disaster comes from, and find an example of the natural disaster on Google Earth.

Step 1.2


1. Why do thunderstorms form only out of cumulonimbus clouds?
Answer: Thunderstorms happen because of the quick upwards movement of warm and moist air. They can happen inside warm, moist air masses and at fronts. As the warm, moist air moves upward, its cools, condenses, and forms cumulonimbus clouds that can be over 20 km in height. As the moving air gets to its dew point, water drops and ice form and begin falling through the clouds towards the Earth's surface. As the drops fall, they collide with other drops and turn into larger drops. The falling drops create a downdraft of air that spreads out at the Earth's surface and makes strong winds associated with thunderstorms.


2. Why does lightning generate electricity?
Answer: Because lighting contains many electrons.

3. Why do thunderstorms have lightning?
Answer: Because sometimes electrons jumping from cloud to cloud fall of and create lightning. This process only happens in a thunderstorm.

4. Is there just one type of thunderstorm?
Answer: No, there are four types of thunderstorms. They are called single-cell, multicell cluster, multicell lines, and supercells. Supercell thunderstorms are the strongest and the most associated with severe weather. Mesoscale convective systems formed by vertical wind shears within the tropics and subtropics, and are responsible for the happening of hurricanes. Dry thunderstorms, with no snow, rain, or hail, can cause the outbreak of wildfires with the heat generated from the cloud-to-ground lightning that comes with them. Other than on Earth, thunderstorms have also been noticed on the planets of Jupiter and Venus.

5. Why do thunderstorms use the atmosphere as a power source?
Answer: Thunderstorms use the atmosphere as a power source because of three main ingredients. The atmosphere's lift, moisture, and instability all make the thunderstorm happen.

6. Why do thunderstorms shoot lightning first, then thunder?
Answer: Because thunder goes at the speed of sound(0.21 miles per second), and lightning goes at the speed of light (186,282.397 miles per second). So, therefore, you see lightning then hear thunder because lightning is faster then thunder.

7. How does thunder form?
Answer: Lightning carries an incredible amount of electric current and heat so when it travels through the air it creates a sonic boom. The air keeps expanding and a sound shoots through the air. That sound is what we call thunder.

8. Why are thunderstorms dangerous?
Answer: Every thunderstorm produces lightning, which kills more people each year than tornadoes. Heavy rain from thunderstorms can lead to flash flooding (which is the number one thunderstorm killer.) Strong winds, hail, and tornadoes are also dangers associated with thunderstorms.

9. Why are thunderstorms called “thunderstorms” if they also have lightning?
Answer: Thunderstorms don't actually have lightning in them, lightning occurs when a thunderstorm is in proces.

10.How do thunderclouds form?
Answer: Thunderclouds also known as cumulonimbus clouds form starting from the towering cumulus stage. In this stage the cloud reaches around 20,000 feet. Then it moves on to the mature stage where it gets pulled up to over 40,000 feet tall. Then comes the dissipating stage. In the dissipating stage the cloud becomes smaller and higher in the sky. Then it starts falling from the sky.

Step 2.1


Bookmarked Websites:
  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightning#History_of_lightning_research
  2. http://www.weatherwizkids.com/weather-thunderstorms.htm
  3. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Thunderstorm
  4. http://www.wxdude.com/page5.html
  5. http://www.redcross.org/portal/site/en/menuitem.86f46a12f382290517a8f210b80f78a0/?vgnextoid=014b5d795323b110VgnVCM10000089f0870aRCRD&vgnextfmt=def
  6. http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/Atmosphere/tstorm.html
  7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thunderstorm_formation.jpg
  8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YlOJr1csOR4
  9. http://www.flashcardmachine.com/atmospheric-science-1050.html
  10. http://www.ukarea51.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/how-do-thunderstorms-and-lightning-form.jpg

Step 2.2

Useful websites:
  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightning#History_of_lightning_research
  2. http://www.weatherwizkids.com/weather-thunderstorms.htm
  3. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Thunderstorm
  4. http://www.wxdude.com/page5.html
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thunderstorm_formation.jpg


Step 3.1


Types of Websites We are Going to Use:
  1. encyclopedia websites
  2. article websites


Step 3.2


Useful Vocabulary
  1. Thunderstorms
  2. Thunder clouds
  3. Lightning
  4. Electrons
  5. Energy
  6. Negative Energy
  7. Positive Energy
  8. Lift
  9. Atmosphere
  10. Instability
  11. Moisture
  12. Cumulonimbus

Other Information
  1. Thunderstorms get their power from the atmosphere.
  2. Thunderstorms have three stages.
  3. Benjamin Franklin invented the lightning rod.
  4. Lightning causes fires.
  5. Lightning usually kill people that are hit.


Steps 4.1-4.2


  1. Thunderstorms get their power from the atmosphere
  2. Lightning's power source
  3. Electrocution
  4. Fires


Steps 5.1-5.2/ Google Presentation





Steps 6.1-6.2


6.1- Product
Overall, our final result is pretty good. Everything is done: our Scratch, Google Earth, Keynote presentation, images, and Glogster. The only thing that we don’t have on our Wikipage is the Keynote.

6.2- Process
Our process wasn’t the best. We did everything sort of out of order, finishing the questions and answers last, was supposed to be done as the second step. But we eventually went faster, because we were running out of time. But, even though we had to go faster, we were still very specific about getting things done the right way.

Glogster





Scratch


Note: If you have won, pressed the flag button to play again, and are stuck on the win screen with the cake is visible, then just press the flag again.
Learn more about this project
To play: Use the arrow keys to move. Right arrow key: move right. Left arrow key: move left. Up arrow key: jump.(Even though you don't need to jump in this game)
Goal of the game: To get back to to the safety of your house in a thunderstorm without being electrocuted by the lightning.


Google earth


external image 5489164013_5ebfcee716_o.jpg


Images



external image lightning-gallery-18.jpg
external image lightning_wideweb__430x312.jpg
external image lightning-737657-769740.jpg
external image 473920107_b9f018b76b.jpg